A Century of Cars: 45.Solido Fiat 600D
The Fiat 600 is a city car produced by
the Italian automaker Fiat from 1955 to 1969. Measuring only 3.22 m
(126 in) long, it was the first rear-engined Fiat. The total number
produced from 1955 to 1969 at the Mirafiori plant was 2,604,000.
During 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, the car became very popular in
countries such as Spain, where it became the icon par excellence of
the Spanish miracle, Argentina, where it was nicknamed Fitito (a
diminutive of Fiat) and Former Yugoslavia where it was nicknamed
The car had hydraulic drum brakes on all four wheels. Suspension was a unique single double-mounted leafspring - which acts as a stabilizer - between the front wheels coupled to gas-charged shock absorbers, and an independent coil-over-shock absorber setup coupled to semi-trailing arms at the rear. All 600 models had 3-synchro (no synchro on 1st) 4-speed transaxles.
Unlike the Volkswagen Beetle or Fiat 500, the Fiat 600 is water-cooled with an ample cabin heater, and while cooling is generally adequate, for high-power modified versions a front-mounted radiator or oil cooler is needed to complement the rear-mounted radiator. The top speed ranged from 95 km/h (59 mph) empty with the 633 cc engine to 110 km/h (68 mph) with the 767 cc version. A year after its debut, in 1956, a soft-top version was introduced, as well as a six-seater variant — the Fiat 600 Multipla. It was a precursor of current multi-purpose vehicles.